Dom Pérignon – These two words alone stand for enjoyment, luxury, parties and an excessively unique way of life. But the man behind it was not only a bon vivant, but also an economist and scientist.
Pierre Pérignon is called Dom Pérignon.
Pierre Pérignon lived from 1638 to 1715 in Sainte-Menehould, France. He was not a wealthy trader looking for new business opportunities, not a prince who needed new methods of amusement – Dom Pérignon was a simple monk belonging to the Benedictine. Dom Pérignon was in 1668 as Cellerar of the Abbey of Hautvillers, responsible for the economic care of the monastery.
The science of pleasure.
Since the monastery’s wine had made a name for itself, wine production was by far the main source of income. As this was the case and this development was to be continued, Dom Pérignon and the cellar master were responsible for wine production. Together with him, he developed the oenological methods of that time. Thereupon he developed the Méthode champenoise, a method of bottle fermentation for the production of high quality sparkling wine. Through research, Dom Pérignon discovered that the wine gained quality and taste by blending different grape varieties.
He also decided to close the bottles with corks held by cords (the first agraffe). He also decided to use thicker glass bottles that would withstand the internal pressure generated by his new process. Cretaceous caves near the monastery were used for storage. Last but not least, Dom Pérignon also found that it was beneficial for the intensity of a wine to limit its yield. So we owe him the method of assemblage and white pressing (Blanc de Noirs). However, his method of sparkling sparkling wine first established itself long after Dom Pérignon’s death.
Moët & Chandon.
But how did this fine wine get under the wing of Moët & Chandon? The first bottle, which bore the name Dom Pérignon, was finally corked by an English gentleman in 1921 and was not auctioned off until 1936 in New York. In 1935,300 bottles, the predecessor of Dom Pérignon in 1926, were sold to Simon Bros. & Co. The company that imported Moët into the United Kingdom, which gave two bottles to each of its 150 best customers to celebrate its centenary. After that, the wine immediately attracted attention and 100 boxes of the 1921 vintage were shipped to the United States shortly afterwards. This time only under the name „Dom Pérignon“.
James Buchananan Duke, the billionaire who founded the American Tobacco Company, ordered 100 bottles for himself. Until the year 1943 Dom Pérignon was made from the regular Moët & Chandon Champagne vintage, which was decanted into special bottles after a long period of storage. It was an „oenothèque“publication by Moët & Chandon Vintage Champagne in another bottle. Since the year 1947 Dom Pérignon has been produced separately from the very beginning.
That is why Dom Pérignon is also very likeable to me is that it was spread through into the bottle filling volume of 0.7 liters. This is based on the fact that Dom had identified this as an average daily amount consumed by male adults at dinner. In that sense, cheers!
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